Frank Schweitzer (ed.)

Self-Organization of Complex Structures: From Individual to Collective Dynamics

London: Gordon and Breach, 1997, 596+xxiv pp. (ISBN 90-5699-027-6)

The main focus of this book is on the emergence of collective
phenomena from individual or microscopic interactions. We present a
wide ranging overview from fundamental aspects of the evolution of
complexity, to applications in biology, ecology, sociology, economics
and urban structure formation.
Part I begins with a short introduction to the topic. The first
two sections deal with basic problems of Evolution of
Complexity and Evolutionary Optimization, including
molecular self-assembly and selection, multi-agent systems,
thermodynamic and biological ensemble search strategies.
Part II deals with recent trends in applications of
self-organization theory of self-organization to fields such as;
Biological and Ecological Dynamics, including co-evolution,
emergence of functionality and collective phenomena in biological
systems; Dynamics of Socio-Economic Processes, covering
interacting spatial economies, and innovation processes,  Urban
Structure Formation and Transportation Dynamics, including
settlement formation, traffic flow models and transportation networks.

List of Contents						v

	H. Haken						ix

List of Contributors 						xi	

Self-Organization of Complex Structures: From Individual to
Collective Dynamics - Some Introductory Remarks
	Frank Schweitzer						xix

Part I: Evolution of Complexity and Evolutionary Optimization

Evolution of Complexity

1.	Truth and certitude in the scientific language
	F. T. Arecchi 						3
2. 	Self-Organization, Entropy and Order in Growing Systems
	J. S. Shiner						21

3.	Chaoticity, Degradation and Self-Organization 
        in Open Systems
	Y. L. Klimontovich 					37

4.	Information Flow in Chaotic Systems
	G. Deco, B. Schürmann 					51

5.	Information Processing in evolutionary systems
	N. Fenzl, W. Hofkirchner				59

6.	Self-Organization and Higher Order Structures
	N. A. Baas 						71

7.	A Note on Simulation and Dynamical Hierachies
	S. Rasmussen, N.A. Baas, C.L. Barrett, M.W. Olesen	83

8.	Fractal Evolution in Discretized Systems
	S. Fussy, G.Grössing, H. Schwabl 			91

9.	Interactive Structure Formation with Active 
        Brownian Particles
	L. Schimansky-Geier, Frank Schweitzer, M. Mieth 		101

10.	Fluctuations and Phase Space Structures of 
        Agent-Resource Systems
	I. Adjali						119

11.	Self-Organization of a Multi-agent System in 
        Pattern Formation
	D.H. Nguyen, P.K.C. Wang, F.H. Hadaegh			127

Evolutionary Optimization   	

12.	Global Optimization Using Ensembles
	B. Andresen						143
13.	Mixing of Thermodynamical and Biological Strategies
	in Optimization
	T. Asselmeyer, W. Ebeling				153

14.	Combinatorial Optimization Based on the Principles of
	Selection and Competing Processees
	J. Starke						165

15.	Exploration of Artificial Landscapes Based on 
        Random Graphs
	S. Kopp, C. Reidys, P. Schuster				179

16.	How egoism helps to solve global problems
	F. M. Dittes						187

17.	Frustration and Clustering in Biological Networks
	H. Bersini						197

18.	Cortical Functionality Emergence: General Theory & 
        Quantitative Results
	H. O. Carmesin 						215

19.	Emergence of Functionality and Biological Clock 
        in "Fast" Proteins
	W. Klonowski						235

Part II: Biological and Ecological Dynamics, Socio-Economic Processes, 
	Urban Structure Formation and Traffic Dynamics 

Biological and Ecological Dynamics

20.	Adaptive Self-Organization of Bacterial Colonies
	E. Ben-Jacob, I. Cohen					243

21.	Self-Regulation of Plants: From Individual to 
        Aggregated Dynamics
	K. Wirtz 						257

22. 	Aperiodic Patterns in the Cell-Nutrient Substrate System
	A.B. Medvinsky, I.V. Lysochenko, D.A. Tikhonov, 
        M.A. Tsyganov, V.V.  Kravchenko, G.R. Ivanitsky		269

23.	Different Growth Regimes Found in a Monte Carlo Model
        of Growing Tissue Cell Populations 
	D. Drasdo						281

24.	Classification of Terrestrial Ecosystems with 
        Complexity Measures
	H. Lange, M. Hauhs, C. Romahn 				293

25.	Temporal Self-Organzation in Generic Ecosystem Models
	M. Büssenschütt, C. Pahl-Wostl				307

26.	Possible Role of Mobility in Natural Selection 
	I. M. Janosi, I. Scheuring				319

27. 	Chaotic Behaviour in a Model Plankton Community in a 
        Heterogeneous Environment
	E. Steffen, H. Malchow					331

Dynamics of Socio-Economic Processes

28.	Self-Organization in Social Systems: The Process of 
	J. K. De Vree 						343

29.	The Social Self-Organization of Culture
	H. C. Harton, B. Latane					355

30.	Leaders and Clusters in a Social Impact model of 
        Opinion Formation: The Case of  External Impact
	K. Kacperski, J. Holyst					367

31.	Decision Making and the Exchange of Information
	T. Brenner						379

32.	Strategic Issue Management in Complex Socio-Political 
	F. Liebl						393

33.	Dynamics of Innovations in Technology and 
        Science-Including Individual Development
	W. Ebeling, M. A. Jimenez-Montano, Karmeshu 		407

34.	Is there Evolution after Economics ?
	G. Silverberg						415

35.	Complexity and Self-Organization in Socio-Economic 
        Systems: A Structural Approach
	M. Grothe						427

36.	Self-Organization among Business Establishment
	T. Dandridge, B. Johanisson				439

37.	Planning and Control in Self-Organized Production 
	V. Ahrens						449

38.	Self-Organization of Trade Networks in an Economy 
        with ImperfectInfrastructure
	S. Guriev, M. Shakhova					461

Urban Structure Formation and Traffic Dynamics

39.	From Fast to Slow Processes in the Evolution of 
        Urban and Regional Settlement Structures
	W. Weidlich						475

40.	Regional Dynamic Processes in the Economy
	K. Brandt						489

41.	Urban Cluster Growth: Analysis and Computer Simulations 
	of Urban Aggregations
	Frank Schweitzer, J.Steinbrink				501

42.	Multi-Scale Spatial Modelling of Self-Organizing 
        Urban Systems	
	R. White, G. Engelen					519

43.	Human Agents Between Local and Global Forces in a
	Self-Organizing City
	J. Portugali, I. Benenson				537

44.	Efficient Organization: Urban Hierachies and 
        Landscape Criteria
	R. Schuler, J.Lobo 					547

45.	Prototyping and Topological Analysis of German city 
        Classes by Application of Self-Organized Feature Maps
	J. Kropp, G. Petschel-Held				559

46.	Self-Organization Phenomena in Pedestrian Crowds
	D. Helbing, P. Molnar					569

47. 	Network Traffic as a Self-Organized Critical Phenomenon
	K. Nagel, S. Rasmussen, C.L. Barrett			579

Index								593


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Last Update: 18 March 1999