The main focus of this book is on the emergence of collective phenomena from individual or microscopic interactions. We present a wide ranging overview from fundamental aspects of the evolution of complexity, to applications in biology, ecology, sociology, economics and urban structure formation. Part I begins with a short introduction to the topic. The first two sections deal with basic problems of Evolution of Complexity and Evolutionary Optimization, including molecular self-assembly and selection, multi-agent systems, thermodynamic and biological ensemble search strategies. Part II deals with recent trends in applications of self-organization theory of self-organization to fields such as; Biological and Ecological Dynamics, including co-evolution, emergence of functionality and collective phenomena in biological systems; Dynamics of Socio-Economic Processes, covering interacting spatial economies, and innovation processes, Urban Structure Formation and Transportation Dynamics, including settlement formation, traffic flow models and transportation networks.
List of Contents v Foreword H. Haken ix List of Contributors xi Self-Organization of Complex Structures: From Individual to Collective Dynamics - Some Introductory Remarks Frank Schweitzer xix Part I: Evolution of Complexity and Evolutionary Optimization Evolution of Complexity 1. Truth and certitude in the scientific language F. T. Arecchi 3 2. Self-Organization, Entropy and Order in Growing Systems J. S. Shiner 21 3. Chaoticity, Degradation and Self-Organization in Open Systems Y. L. Klimontovich 37 4. Information Flow in Chaotic Systems G. Deco, B. Schürmann 51 5. Information Processing in evolutionary systems N. Fenzl, W. Hofkirchner 59 6. Self-Organization and Higher Order Structures N. A. Baas 71 7. A Note on Simulation and Dynamical Hierachies S. Rasmussen, N.A. Baas, C.L. Barrett, M.W. Olesen 83 8. Fractal Evolution in Discretized Systems S. Fussy, G.Grössing, H. Schwabl 91 9. Interactive Structure Formation with Active Brownian Particles L. Schimansky-Geier, Frank Schweitzer, M. Mieth 101 10. Fluctuations and Phase Space Structures of Agent-Resource Systems I. Adjali 119 11. Self-Organization of a Multi-agent System in Pattern Formation D.H. Nguyen, P.K.C. Wang, F.H. Hadaegh 127 Evolutionary Optimization 12. Global Optimization Using Ensembles B. Andresen 143 13. Mixing of Thermodynamical and Biological Strategies in Optimization T. Asselmeyer, W. Ebeling 153 14. Combinatorial Optimization Based on the Principles of Selection and Competing Processees J. Starke 165 15. Exploration of Artificial Landscapes Based on Random Graphs S. Kopp, C. Reidys, P. Schuster 179 16. How egoism helps to solve global problems F. M. Dittes 187 17. Frustration and Clustering in Biological Networks H. Bersini 197 18. Cortical Functionality Emergence: General Theory & Quantitative Results H. O. Carmesin 215 19. Emergence of Functionality and Biological Clock in "Fast" Proteins W. Klonowski 235 Part II: Biological and Ecological Dynamics, Socio-Economic Processes, Urban Structure Formation and Traffic Dynamics Biological and Ecological Dynamics 20. Adaptive Self-Organization of Bacterial Colonies E. Ben-Jacob, I. Cohen 243 21. Self-Regulation of Plants: From Individual to Aggregated Dynamics K. Wirtz 257 22. Aperiodic Patterns in the Cell-Nutrient Substrate System A.B. Medvinsky, I.V. Lysochenko, D.A. Tikhonov, M.A. Tsyganov, V.V. Kravchenko, G.R. Ivanitsky 269 23. Different Growth Regimes Found in a Monte Carlo Model of Growing Tissue Cell Populations D. Drasdo 281 24. Classification of Terrestrial Ecosystems with Complexity Measures H. Lange, M. Hauhs, C. Romahn 293 25. Temporal Self-Organzation in Generic Ecosystem Models M. Büssenschütt, C. Pahl-Wostl 307 26. Possible Role of Mobility in Natural Selection I. M. Janosi, I. Scheuring 319 27. Chaotic Behaviour in a Model Plankton Community in a Heterogeneous Environment E. Steffen, H. Malchow 331 Dynamics of Socio-Economic Processes 28. Self-Organization in Social Systems: The Process of Integration J. K. De Vree 343 29. The Social Self-Organization of Culture H. C. Harton, B. Latane 355 30. Leaders and Clusters in a Social Impact model of Opinion Formation: The Case of External Impact K. Kacperski, J. Holyst 367 31. Decision Making and the Exchange of Information T. Brenner 379 32. Strategic Issue Management in Complex Socio-Political Environments F. Liebl 393 33. Dynamics of Innovations in Technology and Science-Including Individual Development W. Ebeling, M. A. Jimenez-Montano, Karmeshu 407 34. Is there Evolution after Economics ? G. Silverberg 415 35. Complexity and Self-Organization in Socio-Economic Systems: A Structural Approach M. Grothe 427 36. Self-Organization among Business Establishment T. Dandridge, B. Johanisson 439 37. Planning and Control in Self-Organized Production Systems V. Ahrens 449 38. Self-Organization of Trade Networks in an Economy with ImperfectInfrastructure S. Guriev, M. Shakhova 461 Urban Structure Formation and Traffic Dynamics 39. From Fast to Slow Processes in the Evolution of Urban and Regional Settlement Structures W. Weidlich 475 40. Regional Dynamic Processes in the Economy K. Brandt 489 41. Urban Cluster Growth: Analysis and Computer Simulations of Urban Aggregations Frank Schweitzer, J.Steinbrink 501 42. Multi-Scale Spatial Modelling of Self-Organizing Urban Systems R. White, G. Engelen 519 43. Human Agents Between Local and Global Forces in a Self-Organizing City J. Portugali, I. Benenson 537 44. Efficient Organization: Urban Hierachies and Landscape Criteria R. Schuler, J.Lobo 547 45. Prototyping and Topological Analysis of German city Classes by Application of Self-Organized Feature Maps J. Kropp, G. Petschel-Held 559 46. Self-Organization Phenomena in Pedestrian Crowds D. Helbing, P. Molnar 569 47. Network Traffic as a Self-Organized Critical Phenomenon K. Nagel, S. Rasmussen, C.L. Barrett 579 Index 593
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Last Update: 18 March 1999